With the adoption of the resolution penned by the US, the UN Security Council calls on Israel and Hamas to reach an agreement on the three-phase plan presented by US President Joe Biden and to implement it fully, immediately and unconditionally. The resolution sets out the phases of the plan as follows:

  • Phase 1: an immediate, full, and complete ceasefire with the release of hostages including women, the elderly and the wounded, the return of the remains of some hostages who have been killed, the exchange of Palestinian prisoners, withdrawal of Israeli forces from the populated areas in Gaza, the return of Palestinian civilians to their homes and neighborhoods in all areas of Gaza, including in the north, as well as the safe and effective distribution of humanitarian assistance at scale throughout the Gaza Strip to all Palestinian civilians who need it, including housing units delivered by the international community;
  • Phase 2: upon agreement of the parties, a permanent end to hostilities, in exchange for the release of all other hostages still in Gaza, and a full withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza; and
  • Phase 3: the start of a major multi-year reconstruction plan for Gaza and the return of the remains of any deceased hostages still in Gaza to their families.

On this basis, the parties to the conflict, with the support of UN member states, should achieve a lasting end to hostilities. The adopted resolution once again underlines the Council's commitment to the two-state solution, in which Israel and Palestine exist side by side within secure and recognised borders. In this context, the resolution also emphasises the importance of the unification of the Gaza Strip with the West Bank under the administration of the Palestinian Authority.

Switzerland supported the resolution in the Security Council. After eight months of war since the terrorist attacks by Hamas on 7 October - which Switzerland condemns in the strongest terms - the restoration of a political horizon in the Middle East is urgent. In its statement after the vote, Switzerland emphasised that the plan presented by the USA is currently the option with the best chance of finding a way out of the violence in the Middle East. Switzerland therefore expects Hamas and Israel to reach an immediate and unconditional agreement and implement the plan. It also underlined that the parties must fully comply with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and human rights law, as required by the UN Security Council resolutions adopted since 7 October.

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